Country Profile: Netherlands
Area: 41,865 km2
France is on of the founding Members of the EU and the second economy, located in western European, it has a very high level of human development and a GDP per capita above the European average with a rather urban population.
Most mainland France has a continental weather except those under Mediterranean influence. Almost 30% of its land is covered by forests.
% of the H&C sector in the final energy consumption: 59,2%
% of renewables in the H&C sector: 6,2%
% of bioheat within renewables in the H&C sector: 77,3%
Biomass for heating in France
Netherlands has a very low penetration of renewable energies in general (below 10% of energy consumption from renewable sources) and the EU lowest within heating & cooling sector.
The country reliance on natural gas and the space constrains have been argued in the past as limiting the potential of renewable sources. Coal-fired plants are scheduled to be phased out in 2030.
Netherlands has heating stock with a similar age to the EU average.
Although there is no carbon tax in the Netherlands, the Dutch Government has expressed its intention to phase out gas boilers from 2025.
Netherlands presented in 2019 its National Air Pollution Control Programme with an emission reduction target of 37% for PM2,5 for the period 2020-2029 in comparison with 2005 and 45% from 2030.
- Integrated National Energy and Climate Plan for Netherlands (NL– ENf)
- National Air Pollution Control Programme (NL– EN)
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