Country Profile: Lithuania

CategoriesCountry Profile CountriesLithuania TopicsAir QualityEnd-usersFuel qualityInstallersModernisation of heating system


Population: 2,794,090

Area: 65,300 km2

Country profile

Lithuania is one of the Baltic states, with a GDP of about 50bn EUR and a high level of human development from a mostly urban population.

Lithuania’s climate is transitional, between maritime and continental, with moderate winters and summers. Around a third of its surface is covered by forests.

% of the H&C sector in the final energy consumption:47,7%

% of renewables in the H&C sector: 45,6%

% of bioheat within renewables in the H&C sector: 98,5%


Biomass for heating in Lithuania

Lithuania has a share of renewable energy of 26%, above the EU average. This is partially explained by the high contribution of bioenergy.

The heating stock is rather recent (including all technologies), with about half being installed after 2002. However, the majority of boilers still uses fossil fuels.

In Lithuania, the district heating system is an integral part of the overall energy sector. All cities have well-developed district heating systems, which supply heat to about 53% of all buildings in the country and 76% in the cities. Lithuania envisions the share of renewables in heating and cooling to rise to 67.2% by 2030, and to 90% in district heating.

Specific measures for the modernisation of indoor heating and hot water systems in multi-apartment buildings are planned, encouraging building owners to upgrade old elevator-type heat units into newer single-circuit heat units. Up to 30% of the investment costs will be reimbursed and around 250 heating substations will be upgraded annually.

Lithuania presented its National Air Pollution Control Programme with an emission reduction target of 20% for PM2,5 for the period 2020-2029 in comparison with 2005 and 36% from 2030.

Relevant documents

  • Integrated National Energy and Climate Plan for Finland (EN)
  • National Air Pollution Control Programme (EN)

National initiatives

To see all initiatives carried by our partners in this country, go back to our map of initiatives and select the country for which you would like to get more information.