Country Profile: Finland

CategoriesCountry Profile CountriesFinland TopicsAir QualityEnd-usersFuel qualityInstallersModernisation of heating system


Population: 5,536,146

Area: 338,455 km2

Country profile

Finland is a Scandinavian country located in Northern Europe.  Climate ranges from Southern Finland's humid continental climate to the boreal climate of the north. Forests cover more than 75 per cent of the land area of Finland. Measured by the proportional share of forest land, Finland is the most forested country in Europe.

% of the H&C sector in the final energy consumption: 54,7%

% of renewables in the H&C sector: 54,0%

% of bioheat within renewables in the H&C sector: 94,2%


Biomass for heating in Finland

Finland has a share of renewable energy of 40 per cent of energy end-consumption. According to NECP it goal is to increase this share to 51% by 2030 with share of renewables in heating and cooling to reach 61%.

This contribution is mostly based on the bioenergy, fuels from forest industry side streams and other wood-based fuels, and to lesser extend hydropower, wind power and ground heat.

Concerning the average age of the heating stock in Finland, it is slightly older than the EU average, with approximately 60% of appliances installed before 2002.

Finland is advanced in the process of the decarbonization of its energy mix.  Carbon tax was introduced in 1990 and currently it stands for €62.18 tCO2e. Moreover, government adopted a date of 2029 for a phase out of coal for energy production.

According to National Air Pollution Control Programme, the projected national emission reduction commitment by2030 assumes reduction of PM2.5 by 44%.


Relevant documents

  • Integrated National Energy and Climate Plan for Finland (EN)
  • National Air Pollution Control Programme (EN)

National initiatives

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